All the banks in the south collapsed, and there was an economic depression in the south with deepened inequalities between the north and south. The south was also forced to reconstruct its labour system, that was previously dependent on slaves.
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There was poverty, with decreased production cash crops such as Cotton and Tobacco until The plantation system was also destroyed and, in its place, the sharecropping system was introduced. Through sharecropping, landowners would lease out their lands to tenants for a share of the crops produced.
What are the Enduring Legacies of the American Civil War? | History Today
The KKK emerged to protect white supremacy just immediately after the war and punish any form of black excellence. There was radical prejudice against the black, and after the Enforcement Acts of the reconstruction era, the black codes, and the Jim crow laws were introduced. The effect of this legislation was to provide a legal basis for segregation. This enabled blacks to access education and benefit from federal policies such as the Homestead Act.
The US economy rapidly grew due to the protectionist tariffs. The North and midwestern regions more quickly than the south. The railroad connected the industrial north to the agricultural and plains in the west. Freight increased from 2.
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The mining industry blossomed, with iron and steel taking the lead. Catherine McGrew Jaime. George Washington: A Biography. Gideon Cross. Jason Wallace.
William English. Clyde N. A Call for Freedom. Bryan Curtis. From the Parlor to the Altar. Zachary Chastain.
The Great Southern Migration. Lincoln at Two Hundred. Walter Berns.
Horrible Institution of Slavery. US History. Alan Cook.
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The Education of the Negro. Charles Dudley Warner. Quicklet on Henry Louis Gates Jr. Alexandra Townsend. Slavery: America's Fatal Compromise. Joan Kennedy Taylor. Presidential Wit and Wisdom. Joslyn Pine. The Fourth of July and the Founding of America. Peter De Bolla. Capitol Reader. The Articles of Confederation. Continental Congress. Summary of What Would the Founders Do? Jack Goldstein. History of Colonial America. Ethan Koch. James Monroe. Taylor E Hoynes Jr.
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Causes Of The Civil War
Martin Kersten. Cordula Zwanzig. Did the American Revolution create a new world or did it merely remain a mirror of the old world? Many former slaves believed that their years of unrequited labor gave them a claim to land; "forty acres and a mule" became their rallying cry. White reluctance to sell to blacks, and the federal government's decision not to redistribute land in the South, meant that only a small percentage of the freedpeople became landowners.
Most rented land or worked for wages on white-owned plantations. During Reconstruction, many small white farmers, thrown into poverty by the war, entered into cotton production, a major change from prewar days when they concentrated on growing food for their own families.