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Open Preview See a Problem? Details if other :. Thanks for telling us about the problem. Return to Book Page. In a bold rethinking of the Hollywood blacklist and McCarthyite America, Joseph Litvak reveals a political regime that did not end with the s or even with the Cold War: a regime of compulsory sycophancy, in which the good citizen is an informer, ready to denounce anyone who will not play the part of the earnest, patriotic American. While many scholars have noted the an In a bold rethinking of the Hollywood blacklist and McCarthyite America, Joseph Litvak reveals a political regime that did not end with the s or even with the Cold War: a regime of compulsory sycophancy, in which the good citizen is an informer, ready to denounce anyone who will not play the part of the earnest, patriotic American.
Litvak traces the outlines of comic cosmopolitanism in a series of performances in film and theater and before HUAC, performances by Jewish artists and intellectuals such as Zero Mostel, Judy Holliday, and Abraham Polonsky. At the same time, through an uncompromising analysis of work by informers including Jerome Robbins, Elia Kazan, and Budd Schulberg, he explains the triumph of a stoolpigeon culture that still thrives in the America of the early twenty-first century.
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View all copies of this ISBN edition:. Synopsis About this title In a bold rethinking of the Hollywood blacklist and McCarthyite America, Joseph Litvak reveals a political regime that did not end with the s or even with the Cold War: a regime of compulsory sycophancy, in which the good citizen is an informer, ready to denounce anyone who will not play the part of the earnest, patriotic American.
From the Back Cover : "It has been a long time since I found a book so convincing. Buy New Learn more about this copy. Other Popular Editions of the Same Title. Search for all books with this author and title. Customers who bought this item also bought. Stock Image. Published by Duke Univ. The Walk-in Closet. Benjamin Kahan. Is it possible that we have ignored half of the history of homosexual- ity?
BLACKLIST - Definition and synonyms of blacklist in the English dictionary
Might we have strategically forgotten one of the most important, long-standing, and hard-fought debates in sexology—namely, whether homosexuality is congenital or acquired? ISSN The second part of this essay examines the emergence of a congenital seat for lesbian sexuality, charting the uneasy historical incorporation of acquired homosexuality into the increasingly congenital and identarian sexual matrix in s. This essay closes by returning to the paradox that precisely by theorizing ac- quired homosexuality, gay-rights activists might strengthen their claims to understand homosexuality as an immutable characteristic deserving of legal protection.
Homosexuality appeared as one of the forms of sexuality when it was transposed from the practice of sod- omy onto a kind of interior androgyny, a hermaphrodism of the soul. The sodomite had been a temporary aberration; the homosexual was now a species. Halperin argues that while earlier figures might share aspects of gender presentation, deviant subjectivity, or other features of sexual morphology or subjectivity with the modern homosexual, it is the unique arrangement, compression, and interrelation of these characteris- tics that forge modern sexual identity.
Krafft-Ebing accepted both the congenital and the acquired varieties of homosexuality, and the subsequent tendency has been towards minimizing the importance of acquired homosexuality. Instead, there is a much lon- ger period throughout which congenital sexuality and its effects are dis- seminated, challenged, and gradually adopted over time.
Almost all research workers are in accord on this point.
They de- serve to be. Krafft-Ebing and Havelock Ellis know nothing about them if they say they are irresponsible. They are will- fully bad, and glory and gloat in their perversion. Their habit is acquired and not inborn. Why propose to have the law against them repealed?
The Un-Americans: Jews, the Blacklist, and Stoolpigeon Culture (Series Q)
If this happened, there would be no way of getting at them. It would be wrong to make life more tolerable for them. Their lives ought to be made so intolerable as to drive them to abandon their vices. Moreover, Alfred W. It should, however, on no account be forgotten that the relation between the two is a co-operative and not a mutually exclusive one. The constitutional factor must await experiences before it can make itself felt; the acciden- tal factor must have a constitutional basis in order to come into operation.
For the moment, I want to stave off the squaring of congenital and acquired histories in which Freud partici- pates in order to focus on the uneasiness of such a reconciliation. In turning toward situational ho- mosexuality and other identities that take transitoriness as their condition of possibility rather than understanding impermanence as something that threatens identity , this history of situational homosexuality brings the very situatedness of all sexualities not just situational homosexuality into view.
This emphasis on stability, on fixity, and on congenitality pathologizes movement. In this register, wanderlust was understood to be a dangerous sexual pathology transforming movement itself into un- natural desire. These figures all play a crucial role in both the practice of homosexuality and its modes of fantasy functioning as ideal objects of desire for fairies and queers.
The stabilizing effects of situational homosexuality suggest the tremendous stigma with which it is burdened. Thus, situational homosexuality resides at the heart of homosexuality. It probably originated on sailing vessels of olden times when voyages often lasted for months.
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While the crew was either actu- ally or prospectively suffering acutely from the absence of the female of the species, one of their number would unex- pectedly betray an inclination to supply her place. Contracting Homosexuality Because congenitality, as I have been arguing, emerges as an etiological underpinning for female homosexuality so much later than in male ho- mosexuality, this overlap is particularly pronounced in the case of lesbi- anism. The wildly successful play was produced during a historical moment in which ac- quired sexuality was shifting from being a competitor of congenital sexu- ality to its bulwark in its new instantiation as situational homosexuality.
Their pupil, Mary, spreads a rumor that Karen and Martha are lesbians or, at least, in what importantly amounts to the same accusation, are doing certain dirty or unmentionable things together. The plausibility of this lie is enhanced by fears that, as Diana Fuss has chronicled, schools are breed- ing grounds for lesbian contagion.
Here, the situation unlocks a desire, perhaps a repressed or melancholic desire; or the situation renovates the receptors of desire, creating new modes of and opportunities for desiring. In the Tiresias-esque choice between homo and het- ero, the transformation model suggests the superiority of homosexuality. Sud- denly a child gets bored and lies—and there you are, see- ing it for the first time. It all seems to come back to me. From di- agnosis to contagion to suicide—it all happens in a moment—the space of half a page.
Tilford does not want to let them in her house.